Medication use during pregnancy and breast-feeding


Medication use during pregnancy and breast-feeding

Author: Reilika Nestor 27.01.2015 at 00:00

It is believed that congenital anomalies are often caused by medication used during pregnancy. It’s considered common knowledge that medication use during pregnancy presents some danger to the fetus.

Embryotoxic effects manifest themselves in an embryo’s first days and weeks of development. Medication may have a toxic effect on protoplasm of the fertilized ovum and the embryo itself, causing abnormalities in its development, implantation, and the evolving of placenta. This may hinder development of the fetus and cause miscarriage.

Embryotoxic effects are mostly manifested when using large doses. This allows harmful components of medicine to absorb through the mucosal tissue of the uterus and to reach the fetus. Use of some medicinal products during the embryonic period can lead to hindered development of the endocrinal system, reproductive organs, brain, and other organs. This is why it’s very important to understand in which period a specific pharmaceutical works, whether its effect is embyrotoxic or fetotoxic, whether its effects manifest in the perinatal period or when used during delivery.

Prescriptions to pregnant women must be based on individual assessment, considering minimal possible dosage and avoiding injections.

Breast milk is the main food for children during their first six to eight months. This strengthens contact between mother and infant. You should always discontinue use of medications for the period you breast-feed your child. If it becomes inevitable, always consult with your doctor.